What is CBD?   

    Understanding what CBD can do for you!    

CBD 101

hemp_irrigation_Big.jpg

Introduction to CBD Oil

 

Cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant, is rapidly growing in popularity for its many uses and is moving towards being accepted worldwide. CBD oil is being expanded and utilized into a variety of products, from tinctures and soft gels to CBD-infused edibles and CBD salves, as well as a wide range of skin care and cosmetics applications. Most recently, CBD oil has also become an appealing concept for those who had pets, in hopes of providing a healthier lifestyle for them.

A Brief History of CBD Oil

 

CBD oil has a long history and notable past.  With that said, general awareness of CBD has only recently surfaced in the last twenty-five years. In addition to discovering the endocannabinoid system within the human body, present day scientific research has also identified a family of molecules known as cannabinoids. As we continue to develop and grow, we are able to see the positive effects that it has on the human body. Along with those effects, we continue to see added benefits.

 

CBD was first discovered by Dr. Roger Adams and his team at the University of Illinois in 1904; when they isolated CBD for the first time, bringing to life the fact that there were active compounds in the cannabis plant that did not contain the psychoactive qualities commonly associated with the plant.  However, its structure was not fully elucidated until 1963. While CBD was discovered more than 20 years before THC, THC has dominated cannabis research until recently.

 

In 1968, a report written by the UK government’s Advisory Committee on Drug Dependence stated that “the long-term consumption of cannabis in moderate doses has no harmful effects…Cannabis is less dangerous than the opiates, amphetamines and barbiturates, and also less dangerous than alcohol…” That same year, the University of Mississippi was entrusted to grow marijuana for research by the predecessor agency to the DEA.

Only two years later, the United States declared marijuana a Class I substance with a high potential for abuse and no medicinal value. Two years after that, in 1972, a report based on a comprehensive study by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare recommended that marijuana be removed from the scheduling system and decriminalized. Then-President Richard Nixon rejected the recommendations.

In a court battle in 1976, a federal judge ruled that a plaintiff in a lawsuit against the government was using marijuana out of “medical necessity,” making the plaintiff, Robert Randall, the first legal medical cannabis patient.

In 1978, as a direct result of the lawsuit, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) began supplying cannabis to several patients whose physicians applied for and received “compassionate use” rights under Investigational New Drug Applications (IND) rules. Most of the medical research done on cannabis has taken place in the 40 years since 1978.

The human endocannabinoid system was discovered in steps. In 1988, the first cannabinoid receptor was found in the brain of a rat. In 1992, researcher Raphael Mechoulam and NIMH researchers William Devane and Dr. Lumir Hanus discovered the first endocannabinoid. These discoveries resulted in a wave of new studies into the effects of cannabinoids.

In 1993, the American Medical Student Association unanimously endorsed a statement calling for the down-scheduling of cannabis to Schedule 2. Since that time and based on reams of data, there have been scores of attempts to pressure the federal government to relent on this matter. So far none have been successful.

Let’s now take a look at some of the research that has been done in the past few decades into the mechanisms and effects of cannabinoids and the ECS.

CBD Oil in Ancient Times

what is cbd oil

The earliest written record of the use of cannabis appears in ancient China around 6000 B.C., shortly after human civilization arose, but the most direct evidence of the use of cannabis for wellness began to appear around 2700 B.C.

As advancements began to take place within human civilizations, authors of ancient texts began advocating for the medicinal benefits of hemp, evidenced in pharmacopoeias across Asia.

During the second century, a Chinese physician Hua Tuo, began to include the use of cannabis extracts within his writings. As a widespread surgeon, he discussed the use of an herbal anesthetic that was made from hemp, called mafeisan. 

Around A.D. 77, a scholar author, Pliny the Elder, provided insight that cannabis extract could be utilized to help those who had different types of discomfort which also aligned with the Romans who began utilizing hemp to help with healing arts. 

In other countries, like India, cannibals was something that was known to be gifted by the gods as a sacred plant with different uses. The Atharvaveda, knowledge utilized every day, provided information in the use of different cannabis flowers and seeds as well as different tinctures and balms that could be utilized. 

Cannabis and their remedies were also known to be found in the tombs of Ancient Egyptian and Greeks.

CBD oil history

Pliny the Elder

CBD Oil in the West

what is cbd oil benefits

Henry VIII

Throughout much of Europe, by the 16th Century, cannabis became more popular in terms of medicine, intoxicant and fiber. In 1533, all farmers were required to grow hemp by Henry VIII.

CBD history

Garcia de Orta

Garcia de Orta and Li Shih-Chen, who were physicians around that time, began to identify hemp as a resource for supporting hunger and well-being.

CBD oil uses

Li Shih-Chen

Within the early 1600’s hemp began to be utilized with the US in states such as South Carolina, Massachusetts and Virginia. They began to use hemp for its fiber aspect even to the point of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson supporting the hemp industry directly.

Robert Burton, the author of “Anatomy of Melancholy” identified hemp as something that was able to help support an individual’s mood.

Two respected pharmacopeias within the 18th century, “The New England Dispensatory” and “Edinburgh New Dispensatory” provided insight to the different uses and benefits of hemp.

history of CBD oil
hemp cbd oil

Dr William B. O’Shaughnessy

As the industrial age was unfolding, a surgeon named W. B. O’Shaughnessy began to applaud the advantages of hemp in the American Southwest. A professor at the Medical College of Calcutta, O’Shaughnessy conducted analysis to determine the effects of hemp extracts on animals and humans suffering from rheumatic diseases, cholera, tetanus and hydrophobia.

The History of CBD Oil in Modern Times

 

Unfortunately, by the last 1930s, cannabis had become illegal. In 1970, the Controlled Substance Act, had banned any form of cannabis which included hemp and marijuana.

In the late 1960s the mysteries of cannabinoids, including CBD, began to unfold as researchers discovered the role of the human endocannabinoid system in maintaining good health. We’ll discuss this in more detail shortly.

As the 1970s progressed, medical treatments began to incorporate the used of cannabis again and roughly 20 years later, in 1996, California had officially legalized the use of cannabis, for medical treatment only, regardless of the federal ban that had been put in place.

Throughout history up to recent years, there has been an extensive amount of research done, identifying different benefits of CBD. Respected health providers, such as Dr. Sanjay Gupta, have voiced their expertise through media outlets which have showcased a high acceptance of CBD.

CBD oil is now available throughout the United States and there has been a substantial amount of research that is continued to be done of the benefits of CBD. There have been more advancements through the benefits of technology which help CBD water-soluble and increased the potency through the use of nanoemulsions.

In 2020, through the massive growth and demand for CBD, the sales are estimated to exceed $1 billion.

How To Use This Guide to CBD Oil

This guide is broken up into 5 sections:

  1. CBD Basics

  2. CBD Oils and Your Health

  3. Research Studies done on CBD Oil

  4. How-To use CBD Oil

  5. Choosing the right Source & Product

 

For those who already have been seeing the benefits and utilizing any CBD products, feel free to move to sections 4 and 5. This will help you determine which products are best for you as well as the dosage you should be utilizing. Once you have this information and can continue to see the benefits and common usages of CBD oil. 

Medical Disclaimer

This product is not for use by or sale to persons under the age of 18. This product should be used only as directed on the label. It should not be used if you are pregnant or nursing. Consult with a physician before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A doctor’s advice should be sought before using this and any supplemental dietary product. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

This guide contains information that will help you make educated decisions about why and how to use CBD oil and other CBD products. It is not intended to provide medical advice.

Section 1: Basic Information about CBD Oil

In this section we will take a look at information such as CBD oil and what it is, where exactly it comes from and the way in which it is made. We will also discuss some of the questions that are frequently asked in regard to CBD oil.

 

What Is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a natural oil and it’s one of many compounds known as cannabinoids.  It’s extracted from the flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. It is used by people all over the world for a variety of purposes.

About the Cannabis Plant

 

Cannabaceae is the known plant that produces Cannabis which include two species that humans can utilize safely called Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. Indica plants are used in the farming industry as their plants are shorter and bushier which can be utilized for food as well as medical marijuana. On the other hand, Sativa plants are more utilized with hemp as the plants are taller and produces more fiber.

 

The Differences Between Hemp and Marijuana

Hemp

Marijuana is comprised of the compound THC which causes a high. THC is also known as delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol.

 

 

Marijuana is known to have two different purposes, both medical and recreational. It is considered to be a “drug”. Both plants, indica and sativa, and a combination of the two can be utilized to produce marijuana.

 

 

Marijuana is considered to be a Class I controlled substance as outlined by the US Federal Government. Some states have begun to legalize marijuana for both medicinal and recreational purposes.

Hemp is not considered to be marijuana and while it does contain some cannabinoids, it has extremely low levels of THC and must contain less than 0.3% when produced. It is mainly grown for its fiber and contains a small concentration of the cannabinoids, as it is not considered to be the best usage for CBD oils. 

CBD oil, that is utilized from a holistic approach, is produced from a CBD-rich strain called PCR hemp. This contains a greater amount of the concentration of CBD from the industrial hemp and does not cause a high. It only contains an insignificant amount of THC.

Comparison Between CBD Sources and Types

 

CBD From PCR Hemp vs. CBD From Marijuana

Oils can also be extracted from marijuana the same way they can be extracted from hemp. The oils made from marijuana are referred to as cannabis oil. Extracts made from marijuana may contain some CBD but are intended to contain enough THC to cause a high. Such extracts made from marijuana remain as illegal Schedule 1 drugs under the Controlled Substances Act.
For the purposes of this document, we are only concerned with CBD oil produced from PCR hemp. We are not concerned with THC-containing cannabis oils made from marijuana, nor are we concerned with extracts of industrial hemp which have low levels of cannabinoids and terpenes.

 

Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

 

Broad spectrum CBD is whole hemp extract that contains everything in the Full Spectrum CBD including terpenes, flavonoids, the natural fatty acids found in the hemp, and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, vitamins and minerals but it’s THC free.   In a nutshell, think of broad-spectrum CBD as full spectrum CDB but has all trace amounts of THC content extracted out.   The terpenes and cannabinoids in the Broad-Spectrum CBD work together to deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of psychoactive effects of THC.   This is perfect for those who want no THC in their CBD products.

 

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

 

Full Spectrum CBD is whole hemp extract and contains everything the cannabis plant contains including terpenes, flavonoids, the natural fatty acids found in the hemp, and other cannabinoids such as CBG and CBN and it contains a small amount of THC. 

 

CBD Isolate

 

CBD has the ability to be purified and within the industry it is called CBD Isolate. When they are purified, they are solid crystals that are colorless and odorless. It can be consumed directly or be mixed with edibles or beverages, but it does not contain terpenes or other cannabinoids that are naturally found within the plant itself.

 

CBD-Infused Oil

 

CBD-Infused can be described two different ways, mixed with CBD Isolate or mixed with a CBD-rich spectrum concentrate. You will be able to determine which infusion took place as it will say it on the label. It is ideal to know which product you are taking, so you know the different effects they will have. If they include “CBD-rich hemp oil” or spectrum CBD oil” then you are getting the full product.

 

A List of CBD Oil Products

 

To summarize, there are a variety of products which contain varying levels of CBD as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes.

  • Hemp seed oil — Oil produced from hemp seeds, does not contain CBD.

  • Raw industrial hemp extract — A low-quality source of CBD oil.

  • Raw PCR hemp extract — A high-quality, full or broad spectrum product which is rich in CBD and contains the naturally occurring compounds in hemp, including cannabinoids and terpenes.

  • CBD concentrate or distillate — A full spectrum or broad spectrum product from which unwanted compounds have been removed.

  • CBD isolate — Purified CBD that does not contain other beneficial terpenes and cannabinoids.

  • CBD-rich oil/Phytocannabinoid-rich (PCR) — Either full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD concentrate or oil infused with CBD concentrate.

  • Broad spectrum oil — An oil rich in CBD and the beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes present in hemp EXCEPT for THC.

  • CBD-infused — Generally refers to a product infused with pure CBD, but is also used sometimes to refer to a full spectrum product.

 

Frequently Asked Questions for New CBD Users

 

There are a lot of variables that make up CBD oil and it can seem very complicated. There is a lot of information that may not necessarily be correct which can cause a lot of uncertainty. 

One of the main issues that can cause the uncertainty is that the media often uses the terms marijuana and hemp together which makes it seems as if hemp will provide an individual with a high. Below is more information that this specific issue.

 

Does CBD Oil Get You High?

 

No, it should not. Properly produced CBD oil from hemp does not contain THC in high enough concentrations to cause a high.
 

THC acts upon particular receptors in the brain, which changes brain chemistry and therefore alters consciousness.

CBD does not trigger these receptors. In fact, it may actually prevent them from reacting to THC and thus minimize its effects.

CBD oils produced by some manufacturers can contain trace amounts of THC. NÜR Holistics products, however, are produced using a technology that extracts THC while leaving the other cannabinoids and terpenes intact.

It’s important to note that all human bodies are different and, if taking extremely large amounts of a product, CBD may cause drowsiness.

 

Are There any Side Effects for CBD Oil?

The effects utilizing different organic compounds vary from one individual to the next. Herbal compounds often have different effects considered to be desired and unwanted which we call adverse side effects.

 

As an individual, you need to determine what you understand as desired side effects in order to differentiate the adverse ones. One person may not feel the same about a desired side effect as another person would.  

 

Some people may use CBD oil for one purpose, such as a good night rest while dealing with feeling sleepy throughout the day. Some may feel that feeling sleepy throughout the day may be an unwanted effect, which makes having a good night of rest a desired side effect.

 

Will CBD Make Me Drowsy?

 

CBD oil has different side effects depending on the individual and the serving size taken. With smaller dosages, it is unlikely to cause drowsiness however, those who take a higher dosage may cause a certain level of drowsiness. Utilizing alcohol can be a prime example of the effects of CBD oil. Smaller intake of alcohol is likely not to cause any issues, but a larger input may cause issues such as blurred vision and inability to walk straight.

Section 2: CBD Oil and Our Wellness

 

What, Exactly, Is CBD?

 

CBD is short for cannabidiol. It is just one of many different molecules called cannabinoids that are found in the cannabis plant. CBD is not an acronym. Cannabidiol has been shortened to CBD simply because it’s customary for cannabinoids to have a three-letter designation, such as THC for tetrahydrocannabinol, CBG for cannabigerol, CBN for cannabinol and so forth. THC is arguably the most famous member of the cannabinoids family — it’s the one found in marijuana that causes a high. We’ll take a quick look at some other common cannabinoids later on.

 

What Are Cannabinoids?

CBD oil benefits

Cannabinoids are active compounds produced by all cannabis / Hemp plants. They account for most of the health benefits of cannabis. Cannabinoids found in plants are called phytocannabinoids. They mimic neurotransmitters that we call endocannabinoids, which are produced naturally by our bodies.

  • Phytocannabinoids — Cannabinoids produced by plants.

  • Endocannabinoids — Cannabinoids produced by human or other mammal bodies.

Other cannabinoids found in PCR hemp include cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol (CBG). Cannabichromene (CBC) is the third most common cannabinoid found in cannabis. Like CBD, cannabichromene is non-psychoactive. Cannabigerol (CBG) is produced early on in the hemp’s growth cycle. Both CBC and CBG are believed to have properties similar to those of CBD.

List of Common Cannabinoids

 

Below is a list of the most common cannabinoid molecules found in cannabis.

  • Cannabidiol (CBD) — The second most common cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant that is non-psychotropic (it doesn’t get you high).

  • Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — The primary psychoactive compound in marijuana that gives users a feeling of euphoria.

  • Cannabichromene (CBC) — This third most common cannabinoid, also non-psychoactive, is thought to support mood and joint and muscle function.

  • Cannabinol (CBN) — Believed to support joint and muscle function and aid a good night’s rest.

  • Cannabigerol (CBG) — Non-psychoactive and used to support mood and joint and muscle function.

  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv) — Less psychoactive than THC.

  • Cannabidivarin (CBDv) — Similar to CBD in its effects.

  • Delta(8) THC — Similar to delta(9)-THC, less psychoactive and may support a relaxed mood.

  • THCa and CBDa — Compounds found in raw cannabis that are non-psychotropic.

What Do Endocannabinoids Do?

benefits of CBD oil

The endocannabinoid system has been recently recognized as an important modulatory system in the function of brain, endocrine, and immune tissues. It appears to play a very important regulatory role in the secretion of hormones related to reproductive functions and response to stress.  Your body’s nervous system connects to a wide variety of sensors to keep track of every system in your body. The signals from these sensors are decoded by the brain and the nervous system. If it is determined that a system has gone out of balance, the nervous system

produces neurotransmitters, which travel through the bloodstream and interact with receptors on cells, instructing them to adjust their behavior.

The Human Endocannabinoid System (ECS) and How CBD interaction

 

The human endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is a system of neurotransmitters and cell membrane receptors. Neurotransmitters such as endocannabinoids are signaling molecules produced by the central nervous system and interact with cannabinoid receptors on cell membranes to adjust physiological processes at a cellular level.

 

The other major cannabinoid found in cannabis is cannabidiol (CBD). Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t make you “high” and typically doesn’t cause any negative effects. 

Experts aren’t completely sure how CBD interacts with the ECS. But they do know that it doesn’t bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors the way THC does. 

Instead, many believe it works by preventing endocannabinoids from being broken down. This allows them to have more of an effect on your body. Others believe that CBD binds to a receptor that hasn’t been discovered yet. 

While the details of how it works are still under debate, research suggests that CBD can help with symptoms associated with multiple conditions.

What Are CBD Terpenes?
what is CBD?

CBD Terpenes are the natural compounds found in hemp plants that are responsible for the plant’s color, smell, and flavor. Terpenes act on cannabinoid receptors and are known to modify the effects of cannabinoids.

CBD stands for cannabidiol, a compound found naturally in hemp plants. By infusing our supportive CBD oils with terpenes, we take advantage of the ‘entourage effect,’ a synergy of multiple natural compounds that let humans process CBD in a more natural way.

There are over 100 different terpenes in the cannabis plant, and every strain tends toward a unique terpene type and composition. Each individual terpene promotes its own set of unique effects. Some promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others focus and acuity. Linalool, one of the most common terpenes found in the hemp plant, is thought to have a calming effect on nerves.

The Entourage Effect
 

The Entourage Effect is the outcome of the combination of terpenes and cannabinoids. Together, they will create different effects that are greater than the individual ones.

When it comes to the role of the terpenes within the CBD oil, it seems that they are able to combine with cannabinoids to produce a richer effect. It is important that more research be done in this area to continue to understand the role.

Those CBD oil products that are specifically infused with pure CBD will not contain the benefits of those that contain the terpenes and other additives and are not recommended for usage.

Section 3: Research Into CBD’s Benefits

Cannabinoids have become a highly researched subject over time.

Although having been studied for some time now, there is still a lot that is not yet known about how cannabinoids are able to interact with the endocannabinoid system. This also includes other systems of the body.

It may take more time to truly determine the effects that CBD has on the complex system of the body as they are not fully understood at this point.

More research is currently being done to determine CBD’s effects and there have been many studies that have been published showing these effects.

 

The following section focuses on the importance of the CBD research and why it has and continues to be studied.

The History of CBD: A Brief Chronological Timeline

  • 1946 | Dr. Walter S. Loewe conducts the first CBD tests on lab animals

 

Shortly after Dr. Adams isolated the first cannabinoids from marijuana, scientists began testing them on lab animals – even though they had yet to determine the exact type of chemical structures they were working with. The most well-documented of these initial experiments were conducted in 1946 by a man named Walter S. Loewe, who ran trials on rabbits and mice with the cannabinoids THC, CBD, and CBN. His results showed that while THC caused catalepsy (a type of induced trance) in mice, CBD appeared to produce no observable effects on behavior. The observations also showed that THC caused a “central excitant action” in rabbits, while CBD did not. Of course, these were the first laboratory indications that CBD lacks any sort of psychotropic activity. Remember, though, that since the cannabinoids’ structures had not yet been identified, the scientists did not know which compound was responsible for producing which reaction.

  • 1964 | Raphael Mechoulam isolates and describes the chemical structure of CBD

 

Even though Dr. Adams was technically the first to isolate CBD as a chemical compound, it’s tough to give him full credit for its discovery because he didn’t describe the compound’s chemical structure – that distinction belongs to Israeli scientist Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, who identified CBD’s stereochemistry in his laboratory at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem back in 1963. Mechoulam also was the first to identify the structure of THC (1964), and is more or less considered the godfather of modern cannabis – without his discoveries, we would have no idea that THC is the psychoactive compound in marijuana, or that CBD is a non-intoxicating compound with hundreds of medicinal benefits.

  • Late-1960’s | Mechoulam and his ab begin testing their isolated cannabinoids on primates

 

Some of the first laboratory subjects that Mechoulam tested his newly-found cannabis compounds on were primates – and it didn’t take long to realize that THC, not CBD, was the one that was responsible for causing the sedated, intoxicating cerebral effects of the herb.

  • Mid-1970’s | A cannabis tincture is released for medicinal use by the British Pharmacopoeia

 

As soon as Dr. Mechoulam identified the specific structures of the active cannabinoids in marijuana, interest in – and use of – the plant as a potential medicine began to skyrocket. In the early to mid-1970’s, in fact, the British Pharmacopoeia (which is a publication of quality standards for medicinal substances in the UK) released a licensed cannabis tincture that (likely) contained CBD in a full-spectrum oil for therapeutic use.

  • 1978 | New Mexico becomes the first U.S. state to legally acknowledge cannabis as a medicine

 

While the state law (which was referred to as the Controlled Substances Therapeutic Research Act) did not specifically mention CBD as an isolated therapy, the legislation was a landmark approval in the United States because it represented the first instance of cannabis compounds being legally recognized for the medicinal potential.

  • February 1980 | Mechoulam teams up with South American researchers to publish study on cannabis and epilepsy

 

In what is believed to be one of the first double-blind trials of CBD on clinical subjects, Dr. Mechoulam and a team of research scientists from Brazil’s Sao Paulo Medicine Faculty of Santa Casa conducted a study on 16 individuals (many of them children) that suffered from severe epilepsy. Results of the trials showed that every one of the subjects who received CBD experienced an improved condition, with little to no side effects. This would prove to be one of the most significant breakthroughs in the history of clinical marijuana research.

  • 1980’s | Mechoulam’s publication on CBD for epilepsy goes largely unnoticed in the medical and pharmaceutical industries

 

While Dr. Mechoulam and his colleague’s research should have sparked worldwide advocacy and support for the medicinal use of CBD, it in fact went virtually unnoticed. This was likely due to the stigma surrounding cannabis that had been growing immensely since the “psychedelic,” marijuana-based counter-culture movements of the 1960’s and 70’s. When speaking about the lack of interest in his team’s breakthrough discovery, Mechoulam is quoted as saying, “Who cared about our findings? No one! …And that’s despite many of the epilepsy patients being kids who have 20, 30, 40 seizures a day. And what did they do? Nothing!”

  • 1996 | California becomes the first U.S. state to legalize medical marijuana

 

Again, while the first medical legalization of marijuana did not provide any specific hallmarks for CBD specifically, California’s decision to legalize weed in 1996 was revolutionary in that it paved the way for the barrage of public support and research that was to come. Fairfax’s Marin Alliance for Medical Marijuana became the first medical marijuana dispensary to open on U.S. soil, and it quickly paved the way for other states to follow, including Oregon, Alaska, and Washington in 1998, Maine in 1999, and Hawaii, Nevada, and Colorado in 2000..

  • October 7, 2003 | The United States government patents CBD as a neuroprotectant under U.S. Patent #6,630,507

 

In what was likely one of the most confounding gestures in the history of federal legislation on cannabis, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services was issued a patent on CBD – along with other active cannabinoids – for its use as a neuroprotectant therapy. While excellent news in terms of the government’s acknowledgment of CBD as an effective medicine, it was hypocritical in that it did not remove cannabis – or CBD – from its list of Scheduled narcotics.

 

What We’ve Learned About CBD

CBD’s Effects On Mood

 

CBD can often be utilized to provide support for an overall positive mood. Serotonin, a molecule in the brain, is often stimulated to produce a happier mood.

 

CBD’s Effects On Sleep

 

CBD oil is often used to support a healthy night of sleep. Taking it before bed may help support waking up feeling more refreshed the next day.

Section 4: Using CBD Oil

The next section looks at some of the ways in which CBD is used. We will look at the serving sizes and the positive and negatives of each method of usage.

 

Bioavailability of CBD

 

There are many factors that will determine the effectiveness of utilizing CBD. Some of these factors include the ingredients within the product, the way it is being consumed, the potency of the CBD and the bioavailability of it. Bioavailability is the percentage of the active compound within a serving provided for your body to use. The main ingredients provided with CBD are terpenes and cannabinoids.

 

A CBD product that has 100% bioavailability means that they entire product is available to be used for your body which can only be used through injection directly into your bloodstream.

 

Every other method has some percentage of the CBD that doesn’t make it directly into the bloodstream.

 

Bioavailability of CBD Tinctures

 

CBD oil can be infused with a tincture which is similar to an oil and those tinctures can be taken by mouth and the bioavailability is anywhere from 30 to 50%.

How Long Does CBD Oil Take to Take Effect?

 

There are two main factors when determining how long CBD oil will take effect which include the way it interacts with their body as well as the variables of the CBD itself.

Due to this, no two people will have the same react to the CBD oils. Factors such as age and weight can change the time in which the oil can take effect.

 

The number of cannabinoid receptors in the body and the way the body produces endocannabinoids will provide insight on the reaction one will have to the CBD products. More receptors produced or less endocannabinoids may make some individuals more sensitive to CBD products.

 

There are other factors to consider when determining the length of time it will take for the CBD to take effect. Some of these factors include what product you are using, how you are intending to use it and the amount that you are taking. Edibles tend to take a bit longer than tinctures.

 

When inhaling CBD the effect is usually instantaneous yet the edibles and capsules could take upwards of 20 minutes to an hour or so. These ranges vary from person to person as well as considering the factors from above.

 

CBD Oil Serving Suggestions

 

The ideal serving size of CBD is going to depend on different variables such as the product you are choosing and the concentration of that product, weight, sex and other personal characteristics.

There are certain products that will provide you with the serving size, but you will need to determine the best serving size for you. The serving size will vary based on the product that you are choosing. You may be able to take more or even less depending on your body.

 

Each product can potentially have a different serving size even if it is similar. With the products containing different amounts of CBD, it is important to consider both the serving size and the length in which it is going to be utilized. Determine your exact use prior to choosing which product that is going to be best for you.

 

CBD oil that contains a broad or full spectrum with terpenes usually are more effective than CBD by itself.

 

When choosing your serving size, remember to consider all of these factors first. You may need to test different serving sizes in order to find your ideal one.

Here are some general guidelines for determining your ideal serving of CBD oil:

 

Stick With One Product

 

In order to fully understand the effects on the body it is essential to stick to one product for an extended time.

 

Start With a Low Serving Size

 

In the beginning, it is better to start with a lower serving size to get a chance to identify how the CBD will interact with your body. Based on the reaction you have, you can then increase the amount when you see fit.

Take it Before Bedtime

The best time to use CBD for first timers is ideally before bed as it can tend to make you drowsy. Although the lower serving size does not usually have that effect, it is better to be sure rather than have any drowsiness during the day. CBD can be utilized day or night once you fully understand the effects it has on your body.

 

Gradually Increase Your Serving Size

 

Once you begin to understand the effects from a low serving size, you can begin to increase the serving size as you feel needed. Continue to monitor the side effects when taking different dosages.

 

Can You Take Too Much CBD Oil?

 

Taking an excessive amount of CBD may cause additional and unwanted side effects. It is recommended to only take the serving size that is most effective for you.

 

Ways to Take CBD Oil

 

When it comes to taking CBD oil, there are many different positives and negatives. You should consider those when determining what product you are going to use.

 

Lifestyle Considerations

 

Keep in mind that some products travel better than others, such as capsules. It is best to identify different characteristics of your lifestyle and what will work best for your everyday life.

Use Considerations

 

Consider the type of product you want to use and why it would work best. For a good night’s rest consider using capsules which contain Melatonin or topical product if you are looking to support healthy skin.

 

Onset Time Considerations

 

As mentioned before, the different products that you choose will provide different ranges of onset time.

 

Bioavailability Considerations

 

Bioavailability is the amount of CBD that makes its way into your bloodstream once it is taken. Consider the percentage of bioavailability when purchasing your products so you can maximize the amount of what you get for your money.

 

Serving Considerations

 

To really identify the serving size that is going to be best for you, we are going to take a look into the positive and negative ways of taking CBD products.

 

CBD Oils and Tinctures

 

There are a variety of products that are categorized as CBD which can include pure infused oil or products from raw hemp extract.  Additionally, products also contain different types of oil which can be used as a base for CBD. Other oils also include additional ingredients like terpenes and vitamins.

 

Pros and Cons of Oils and Tinctures

 

If you are choosing to use tinctures, they can be ideal for any situation;  in the morning or night, or even in some causes at work. One of the negatives is that oils and tinctures do not travel well because they can create messy situations on the go. These types of products would not be ideal as you also must travel with a breakable piece of the product.

 
 
CBD Oil Softgels
CBD soft gels

When utilizing CBD oil softgels, you can generally take these orally. You can also utilize the oils from the capsules for your skin, but it is best to take them orally as all of the oil dissolves directly in your stomach.

Nanoemulsion

TJ Organics products softgels are formulated using a patent-pending water-soluble nanoemulsion technology which encapsulates the active compounds in nano-sized emulsions. The average size of nanoemulsion CBD oil droplets is between 4 and 200 times smaller than the industry standard. This smaller size leads to much higher absorption in the blood and, therefore, results in extremely high bioavailability. Because of this, less nanoemulsion CBD oil is needed to produce the same results as regular CBD oil.

Pros and Cons of Softgels

Softgels are great because they not only dissolve quickly but they also can be used on the go as they do not create any mess and they also have the exact serving size you are looking to take.

In terms of the onset time, softgels take a bit longer to cause any effect as it takes longer to absorb into your body. It is also better to take the capsule with food to avoid any adverse reaction on your stomach lining.

Keep in mind, softgels that do not use nanoemulsions have much lower bioavailability than those that do.
 

CBD-Infused Topicals
CBD creams

Topicals that are infused with CBD consist of oils, balms, creams and slaves, anything that can be rubbed into the skin. These products can contain the broad or full spectrum of CBD. There are many benefits to using the topicals which include additional vitamins and moisturizers and even collagen. Some of the products may even contain different levels of pain relief and healthy ingredients such as aloe.